International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Economic Issues 2020-09-10T03:06:04+01:00 Anuj Tiwari, PhD Open Journal Systems <p><strong>The International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Economic Issues is a double-blind peer-reviewed journal, ISSN 2616-0048 (Print version) and ISSN 2631-231X (Online), dedicated to the promotion and dissemination of scholarly works in the field of entrepreneurship, business, economics, and management. This journal is published annually by the Center for Research and Development, King’s College, Kathmandu, Nepal.</strong></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Power Needed for Good Not Evil 2020-09-06T16:03:49+01:00 Leah Hollis <p>Psychologists and sociologists have considered the types of leadership and organizational power used to manage and even control employees, communities, and institutions (Raven, 1958). When such dynamics emerge in the comics read across the globe, even those authors caution their protagonists and superheroes to “use power for good not evil…;” yet after reading the articles for this edition, I recognize that the Covid-19 pandemic has re-exposed global power structures and differentials. These power structures have either been used for the good of the people, or for evil to exacerbate the harmful experiences felt by disenfranchised populations.</p> 2020-07-26T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Economic Issues Year of the Bull? 2020-09-06T16:03:50+01:00 Leah Hollis <p><em>The Covid-19 global has exposed another pandemic, that of racism. As a result, Chinese citizens throughout the global community have faced bullying and malice. Bullying is a global problem; in this case the international community has concentrated its collective anxiety about Covid-19, which originated in Wuhan, China, to discriminate against those of Chinese descent. Therefore, this short essay reflects on some historical and psychological underpinning which inform the cruelty and blame ascribed to many Chinese people during this unprecedented public health emergency.</em></p> 2020-07-07T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Economic Issues Nepalese Teachers' Resilience: Adjusting Learning Context in Pandemic 2020-09-06T16:03:50+01:00 Devi Prasad Adhikari <p><em>Schools and colleges have been closed due to pandemic. Face to face teaching and learning has been suspended. This essay explores the changing teaching and learning context and teacher resilience in Nepal during last three months.</em></p> 2020-07-08T16:06:36+01:00 Copyright (c) ECHO Education: A Multisectoral Effort Ensuring Educational Success During the COVID-19 Pandemic 2020-09-06T16:03:50+01:00 Edward Harris <p>Unforeseen challenges caused by the COVID-19 pandemic have taken a<br>significant toll on people across the world. This essay deals with a holistic,<br>multisectoral effort that one US higher education institution took to collaborate<br>with national, state, and local entities in order to serve their State’s constituents<br>during the pandemic. The goal of this essay is to describe this endeavor as a<br>model that can serve other sectors, agencies and institutions worldwide.</p> 2020-07-08T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Economic Issues The Need for Increasing Black Entrepreneurship as a Result of the COVID-19 Pandemic 2020-09-06T16:03:50+01:00 Robert Singh <p><em>COVID-19 and recent high-profile police killings are putting focus on the inequities and societal hurdles facing blacks in the U.S.&nbsp; There is no quick fix or singular solution; however, increasing black entrepreneurship may be a key piece of the solution. The reasons for, and potential benefits of, new public policies and private investment to spur black entrepreneurship are discussed.&nbsp; </em></p> 2020-07-08T16:16:04+01:00 Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Economic Issues 2020: COVID-19 & International Higher Education 2020-09-06T16:03:50+01:00 Rosemary Gillett-Karam <p><em>In this study, international students are portrayed as they present themselves now and as they have been affected and effected by the COVID-19 pandemic. Universities and colleges are featured as they react and explain their reactions, dicta, and information concerning the status of international students at their institutions. Critical to the study is that it tells the story of international students studying abroad both directly from their impressions and according to the university and college policy provided to them. Of particular interest to both reactors is the focus on offering online courses to students, which generally has received acceptance but with negative reactions. Of concern is the impact of using technologies when poor countries may not even have broadband or are mired in political decisions about technology use. No permanent solutions to the introduced issues are offered as the pandemic is a continuing with little agreed upon understanding about its permanence. </em></p> 2020-07-07T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Economic Issues The Importance of Decisive Leadership and Clear Direction During Crisis 2020-09-06T16:03:50+01:00 Michael Wright <p><em>This essay considers the importance of strong leadership during critical incidents</em><em> and crisis, including a decisive approach that seeks to understand problems through exploring data and stakeholder feedback, but ultimately leadership's willingness to take ownership, and finally action. This work also sets forth organizational benefits of establishing clear direction, as well as the downfall of failing to provide support. </em></p> 2020-07-14T17:48:12+01:00 Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Economic Issues Sri Lanka’s Economic Woes amidst COVID-19 and the Way Forward 2020-09-06T16:03:50+01:00 Nuwan Herath <p><em>Whereas the ongoing COVID-19 crisis is yet another tragic event that has added a further blow to Sri Lanka’s already reeling economy, it also presents an opportunity to rethink about the country’s economic future. This essay argues that the way forward for Sri Lanka after the crisis is to practice traditional economics by putting in place a state sponsored manufacturing sector, instead of relying heavily on activities like tourism and supplying migrant labor to other countries. The pandemic provides further proof that depending on such service oriented sectors to lead the economy can have bad consequences in times of global emergencies.&nbsp; </em></p> 2020-07-14T17:50:04+01:00 Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Economic Issues Teacher Education: An Adaptive Response to the Movement to Online Instruction 2020-09-06T16:03:50+01:00 Robert Ceglie <p><em>The COVID-19 pandemic impacted teacher training programs, as the shift to online instruction sent waves through the K-12 public education system in the United States. Teacher education programs were found in situations where their current student teachers needed significant additional support to navigate the rapid changes in the means that instruction was provided in their schools. This essay provides some insight on how one university navigated this process and provides suggestions for training future teachers. </em><strong>Covid-19, online instruction, pre-service teachers, teacher education</strong></p> 2020-07-14T17:46:26+01:00 Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Economic Issues Challenges of Online Education during COVID-19 Pandemic in Nepal 2020-09-06T16:03:50+01:00 Kabita Khati Khem Bhatta <p><em>Covid-19 urged colleges and universities to shut down. The online education that nourished after COVID-19, has been challenging in Nepal because students, teachers, and administrators were not prepared for it. Stakeholders of education should work in many areas to enhance the effectiveness of online education and make it complementary to classroom education.</em></p> 2020-07-14T17:51:31+01:00 Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Economic Issues The Rebirth of Eagle and Learning in COVID 19 Pandemic: An International Student’s Perspective 2020-09-06T16:03:50+01:00 Muhammad Sharif Uddin <p><em>COVID 19 has brought a new struggle in our lives throughout the world. Thousands of people are affecting every day with the coronavirus, and this virus is carrying out thousands of lives. It has brought a new order of life for us with many changes. This current pandemic is also a message for everyone to look for an alternative for the sake of survival. This paper portraits the experiences of an international student how the epidemic has affected and changed his study.&nbsp;</em></p> 2020-07-14T17:52:25+01:00 Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Economic Issues Monetary Policy Peri- Post Covid-19 and rise of enterprises in Nepal. 2020-09-06T16:03:50+01:00 Kiran Mainali <p><em>The paper analyzes the way distressed enterprises of Nepal can be kept afloat or conserved against upheaval through major amendments in the monetary policy. The narrowed business groups can be revitalized if the government would immediately impose certain leverages on monetary policies and increase the inflow of capital to make it accessible to the needy entrepreneurs. There prevail high chances for re-emergence of companies post Covid accommodating repatriated people for employment with an effective draft of the monetary plans.&nbsp;</em></p> 2020-07-16T19:25:38+01:00 Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Economic Issues When Cultures Collide: Global Cultural Intelligence in the Age of Covid-19 2020-09-06T16:03:49+01:00 Clea Patrick <p>The first step is to consider that the “p” in pandemic means a type of passport, a passport to recovery, passport to resurgence, but a passport to a direction in which the leaders’ respective messages guide the local response.&nbsp; The ‘p’ is a passport to a global new normal, yet culturally competent leaders must set the path that will not lead to further ruin. Closing borders and restricting travel to other countries and states to control the spread of COVID-19 are strategies that should reflect decisions made by culturally intelligent leadership. Therefore, this paper will reflect on the past successes of global collaboration, and the current medley of responses from various countries to deal with COVID-19.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> 2020-07-16T19:32:28+01:00 Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Economic Issues Sustainable Organizations to Emerge as Leaders During the COVID-19 2020-09-10T03:06:04+01:00 Sandeep Shrestha <p><em>Organizations design sustainability framework to proactively assess and manage risks, make financial decisions, and to generate positive environmental and social impact. Empirical research in developed markets show that sustainable practices enable organizations to manage global risks such as COVID-19 and perform better than competitors. This paper explains how sustainable integrated approaches can enable organizations in emerging markets to have a robust model to overcome and flourish after times of crisis, by looking at a case study in Nepal. &nbsp;</em></p> 2020-07-16T20:04:27+01:00 Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Economic Issues Mental health among entrepreneurs: The benefits of consciousness 2020-09-06T16:03:49+01:00 Jeffrey Overall <p><em>High enterprise failure rates, the need to pivot, and fleeting runways are contributing to mental health issues among entrepreneurs. To treat a myriad of mental health conditions, western medical practitioners are acknowledging the effectiveness of consciousness and mindfulness tools, like yoga and meditation that have been practiced by indigenous people and eastern cultures for millennia. Some entrepreneurs are starting to use consciousness practices as not only a tool to balance the mind-body connection, but they are also using them to optimize performance. Implications for practice are discussed. </em></p> 2020-07-16T20:56:46+01:00 Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Economic Issues How to Overcome Stress during COVID19 Pandemic 2020-09-06T16:03:49+01:00 PUSHPA PRIYA <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p>The epidemic COVID-19 is a global public health emergency causing an adverse impact on people’s lives from different perspectives. The misconception about COVID19 has contributed to physical and psychological diseases among people that sometimes even leads to the higher risk of suicide. Stress endurance varies from person to person; some person can manage it and some cannot. Some therapies can address this problem with solution. The aim of this write up is to discuss stress response and how to manage stress response. In addition to this, it also discusses some causing factors behind suicidal acts; and the ways to overcome suicidal thoughts during pandemic.</p> 2020-07-16T21:20:40+01:00 Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Economic Issues A A New Era of Social Enterprise? A Global Viewpoint 2020-09-06T16:03:49+01:00 Jamie Hasall Roopinder Oberoi Michael Snowden <p><em>The outbreak of Coronavirus across the world has fundamentally changed the way society functions. The pandemic has shifted the way a capitalist economy works for the state. Drastic measures have had to be put in place; for example, many countries have put extra investment into the health sector and generated support for people who cannot work due to the lockdown rules that have been implemented. More than ever before, the state is playing a vital role. Therefore, various institutions, from charities and non-government organisations, to the public/private sectors, are the driving forces in tackling this pandemic. The aim of this paper is to provide an overview of the ways forward and the ways in which social enterprise will be imperative in this global pandemic. </em></p> 2020-07-26T14:49:01+01:00 Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Economic Issues Leveraging Innovative Entrepreneurship in Shaping Nepal’s Agriculture Sector post-COVID-19 2020-09-06T16:03:49+01:00 Sangam Paudel Rastraraj Bhandari <p><em>The COVID-19 pandemic has exposed the fragility of Nepal’s agricultural system and the urgent need to strengthen food security. This paper explores the primary constraints in Nepal’s agricultural sector and presents innovative entrepreneurial strategies and solutions to alleviate said constraints. By strategically assessing existing value chains, engaging both the public and private sector, and by re-evaluating the migrant crisis as an opportunity, the paper highlights agri-business opportunities in Nepal post-COVID-19. </em></p> 2020-08-02T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Economic Issues Impact of COVID-19 on Food Security in Nepal 2020-09-06T16:03:49+01:00 Daya Raj Subedi <p><em>The outbreak of COVID-19 has brought Nepal into the standstill and most of the economic activities have been suspended with the imposition of lockdown. There are significant impacts visible in the food security of Nepal. Question remains- how has the COVID-19 pandemic affected the food security in Nepal? The secondary data were used to find the answer to the question. Because of lockdown, the food security has been threatened by the reduction of purchasing power of the household as well as disruption of national and international food supply chains.&nbsp; </em></p> 2020-08-02T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Economic Issues